John Packer is Associate Professor of Law and Director of the Human Rights Research and Education Centre (HRREC) at the University of Ottawa. Previously, he directed the Office of the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities, after serving as a UN staff member...
ARNO welcomes the Bangladesh Government’s decision to offer formal education to Rohingya refugee children
Arakan Rohingya National Organisation (ARNO) greatly welcomes the decision of the Government of Bangladesh to offer schooling and skills training opportunities to Rohingya refugee children, two and half years after they were forced to flee genocide in Myanmar. ...
Arakan Rohingya National Organisation (ARNO) Press Release: 23 January 2020 Justice for All – ICJ Verdict a Win for Rohingya ARNO welcomes the International Court of Justice “Order on Request for the Indication of Provisional Measures” announced today, January 23,...
As of last week, a humanitarian crisis began unfolding in Myanmar’s north eastern Rakhine state, as aid agencies, such as the International Rescue Committee and the International Organisation for Migration, have been blocked from entering the townships of Rathidaung...
“Leaving no one behind” amidst genocide: the Myanmar government’s response to Covid-19 in Rakhine State
Arakan Rohingya National Organisation (ARNO) Press Release: 1 May 2020 On April 10, 2020, the Myanmar Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a press release, “Myanmar leaves no one behind in its fight against COVID-19 in Rakhine State,” describing its intensified efforts...
A report based on a multi-year independent investigation had been released by the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM), and human rights advocacy group Fortify Rights on Wednesday, March 20. The 121-page report, titled ‘Sold Like Fish’ focuses on the human...
All ABOUT ROHINGYA
Press Release: 10 December 2019 Since the late 1970’s until present, the Rohingya have been ruthlessly persecuted and left stateless within their homeland, Burma/Myanmar. In August 2017, the world witnessed the horrors of genocide the Rohingya people have faced for...
24th Sept 2019 As the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) proceeds with its 42nd Regular Session, the human rights concerns in Burma (Myanmar) remain urgent. The Rohingya who fled to Bangladesh, following a genocidal campaign by Burma’s army, have seen no...
Press Release: August 25, 2019 August 25th is the Rohingya Genocide Day, a memorable day for us, for our children and generations to come. On this day in 2017, the world was appalled by the images of hundreds and thousands of innocent men, women and children fleeing...
Press Release: 12 June 2019 ARNO’s Concern Over ASEAN-ERAT Report Arakan Rohingya National Organisation (ARNO) expresses its serious concern at the leaked report prepared by ASEAN’s Emergency Response and Assessment Team (ASEAN-ERAT). The leaked report reflects...
Statement by Rohingya and Burmese Muslim leaders on the 14th Islamic Summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation 30 May 2019
The OIC’s vocal leadership and humanitarian assistance in support of the Rohingya and other Burmese Muslims has been crucial. But words alone will no longer cut it – the OIC must now turn its words into action. We welcome The Gambia’s intention to pursue Myanmar...
Press release 23, May 2019 STOP ARMY BRUTALITIES IN ARAKAN Arakan Rohingya National Organisation (ARNO) expresses its deep concern over the Myanmar military’s violence and brutalities against the civilian population in Arakan/Rakhine State and demands to...
Rohingya and Burmese Muslim groups urge EU and others to act on UN call to sanction military-linked businesses in Myanmar
21 May 2019 The UN Fact Finding Mission last week issued a statement urging the international community to financially isolate Myanmar’s military for its involvement in the genocidal campaign against the Rohingya people. It made clear that the Government of Myanmar...
Demanding the removal of racist term “Ku Lar” from UN’s official Myanmar maps of Northern Rakhine State
Date: 2 May 2019 Open Letter to Mr. Knut Osby, UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Myanmar Subject: Demanding the removal of racist term “Ku Lar” from UN’s official Myanmar maps of Northern Rakhine State Dear Mr. Osby, We are shocked to learn in the UN’s...
Date: April 4, 2019 A Rohingya consultation Meeting, consisting of Rohingya politicians and activists worldwide, was held on 30-31 March 2019 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It discussed various issues of national importance, including the serious problem of the Arakan...
The American Jewish community stands united against the genocide of the Rohingya people and the persecution of all ethnic minorities in Burma. Inspired by the Jewish commitment to justice, the Jewish Rohingya Justice Network (JRJN)* works to promote a robust U.S. and...
In Response to Rakhine People Protest against the BBC and demand apology: Arakan, the Epicentre of Refugee Production in the Region
By Abid Bahar
Lately, Rakhines of Arakan “Protest against the BBC and demand apology” for showing Rohingyas in the Burma map. But why apology? For showing the Rohingya homeland in Arakan? I understand that BBC knew all about the Rakhine-Rohingya problems and also that the ultranationalist Rakhine’s sucess in convincing the Burmese military to declare the Rohingyas as the noncitizens of Burma. Not surprisingly, showing the Rohingya existance in Arakan only flamed the racist fire. But the BBC was polite enough to not say openly that Arakan is the epicentre of refugee production in South Asia and South East Asia and it is the Rakhine-Moghs to blame..
By Habib Siddiqui
Khin Maung Saw's thesis on trying to de-legitimatize the Rohingya history in Arakan is not new. For the last three years, as an obsessed, xenophobic Rakhine, much given to pen-pushing, and spread of hateful messages, he is known for trying his best to re-write history that would obliterate Rohingya's historicity in today's Arakan. His pseudo-history has been already refuted by others.
Interviews Rohingya refugees, saffron revolution monks and SPDC defectors. 09/09/2008Christian Solidarity Worldwide (CSW) returned this week from a fact-finding visit to the Bangladesh-Burma border and is now calling on the international community to intensify...
The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines Xenophobia as – fear and hatred of strangers or foreigners or of anything that is strange or foreign. As can be seen, for xenophobia there are two main objects of the phobia (fear). The first is a population group present within a society, which is not considered part of that society. Often they are recent immigrants, but xenophobia may be directed against a group which has been present for centuries. This form of xenophobia can draw out or facilitate hostile and violent reactions, such as mass expulsion of immigrants, or in the worst case, genocide. The second form of xenophobia is primarily cultural, and the objects of the phobia are cultural elements which are considered alien or foreign.
‘One blood, one voice, one command’. You cannot build unity with such a slogan especially when 40% of your population is different.-Harn Yawnghwe Director of the Brussels-based Euro-Burma Office.
This excerpt is from Abid Bahar’s book Burma’s Missing Dots-the Emerging Face of Genocide, Ch 2
For the past half a century, the uninterrupted military rule in Burma, characterized by xenophobia and oppression against minorities’ caused the eclipse of much of Burma’s people’s history. Minorities culturally and racially different from the dominating Burmans have been uprooted from their localities under the pretext of being “Kula,” ”Non natives,” or even outright "foreigners." Nowhere is it as serious as in the province of Arakan. Arakan's historic location between South Asia and South-East Asia makes it a “frontier culture” of two major ethnic groups, the Rakhines and the Rohingyas. Here the problem persists between these two major ethnic groups. A survey of the mainstream Burmese literature shows common features of hate and xenophobia. Some of these works are so well-crafted that they could mislead casual readers of Arakan as seemingly academic works. In this chapter, the report of the survey is presented and the research concludes that the growing chauvinistic literary works have the potential to breed intolerance and aggression in society – factors that could contribute to producing more refugees to its neighboring states. The survey also notes that these beliefs and attitudes among the xenophobic intelligentsia could also be the antecedents to the problems facing democratic development in Burma.
Rabindra Nath Tagore's short story Dalia is about the story of Shah Suja's daugher Amina and the king of Arakan. Shah Suja and his family were given the promise of assilyum in Arakan by the King and were also promised to be sent to Mecca. Thus, Suja began his unfortunate journey from Chittagong through the now called Shah Suja Road. As they arrived in Arakan, Suja's daughter Amina was asked to give marrage to the King. When refused, the entire family was massacred at the order of the King. All of Suja's children were brutally killed by axe.
By Chris Lewa, Forum Asia, Bangkok
Delivered at the Medecins Sans Frontieres Conference:
“10 Years for the Rohingya Refugees: Past, Present and Future”
Dhaka – 1 April 2002
As long as the situation in Rakhine State does not show any fundamental improvement, Rohingya people will continue to enter and seek shelter in Bangladesh. The refugees in the two remaining camps are only the visible side of an outflow that has never ceased. Indeed, the exodus of Rohingya to Bangladesh has never stopped. Every day, new Rohingya individuals and families continue to cross the border illegally and seek sanctuary in Bangladesh. It is no longer a mass exodus, but a constant trickle. This influx seems to be encouraged and at the same time strictly controlled by the Myanmar authorities, and concurrently it is rendered invisible by the Bangladesh administration. New arrivals are denied access to the refugee camps, and these undocumented Rohingya have no other option than to survive among the local population outside the camps. Their exact number is unknown. An estimate of 100,000 has regularly been cited for several years now, which does not take into account the constant increase. According to the local press, there may be as many as 200,000 living in the Cox’s Bazar-Teknaf-Bandarban area and this amount appears to be more realistic. They are not referred to as refugees but labelled as “economic migrants”.
ROHINGYA CHILDREN IN MYANMAR (BURMA)
SUBMISSION TO THE COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
For the Examination of the 2nd periodic State Party Report
By Chris Lewa
Submission to the Committee on the Rights of the Child
FORUM-ASIA wishes to draw the attention of the Committee on the Rights of the Child to the situation of Rohingya children in Rakhine State, Myanmar, and hopes that these issues will be addressed during the examination of Myanmar’s second periodic report.
The Rohingya: Exclusion and discrimination
The Muslim population of Rakhine State, known as Rohingya and closely related to the Chittagonian people of Southern Bangladesh, is being discriminated against on the basis of their ethnicity and religion. They have been excluded from the nation-building process in Myanmar and the military regime has implemented policies of exclusion and discrimination against this group aimed at encouraging them to leave the country. These systematic policies have maintained underdevelopment and have been the driving force behind two mass refugee exoduses to Bangladesh, in 1978 and again in 1991/92. The combination of human right violations the Rohingya face — from the denial of legal status to restriction of movement and economic constraints — creates food insecurity and makes life in Northern Rakhine State untenable for many.
Rohingya children, in particular, are innocent victims suffering from the debilitating consequences of these government policies, which dramatically affect their physical and mental development, and will have long-lasting effects for the future of the Rohingya community.
FORCED MIGRATION AND STATELESSNESS
Paper submitted for publication in a book edited by Omprakash Mishra on "Forced Migration in South Asian Region", Centre for Refugee studies Jadavpur University, Calcutta and Brookings Institution Project on Internal Displacement.
28th February 2001In the eyes of the media and the general public, whether in Bangladesh or further afield, the situation of the Rohingya from Burma[ii] is usually referred to as a “refugee problem”. Over the last two decades, Bangladesh has born the brunt of two mass exoduses, each of more then 200,000 people, placing them among the largest in Asia. Each of these massive outflows of refugees was followed by mass repatriation to Burma. Repatriation has been considered the preferred solution to the refugee crisis. However, this has not proved a durable solution, since the influx of Rohingyas over international borders has never ceased. And it is unlikely that it will stop, so long as the root causes of this unprecedented exodus are not effectively remedied. The international community has often focussed its attention on the deplorable conditions in the refugee camps in Bangladesh, rather than on the root causes of the problem, namely the denial of legal status and other basic human rights to the Rohingya in Burma. This approach doubtless stems from the practical difficulty of confronting an intractable military regime which refuses to recognise the Rohingya as citizens of Burma, and of working out solutions acceptable to all parties involved. The actual plight and continuous exodus of the Rohingya people has been rendered invisible. Though they continue to cross international borders, they are also denied the right of asylum, being labelled “economic migrants”. The international community has preferred to ignore the extent of this massive forced migration, which has affected not only Bangladesh, but also other countries such as Pakistan, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, etc. Images Asia, Thailand
By Chris LewaConsultant and Coordinator of the Arakan Project Delivered at the Burma/Myanmar Forum 2006 A Conference organised by the European Institute for Asian Studies (EIAS) Panel I – Challenges: Working in Burma/Myanmar
Brussels, 29 March 2006
Northern Arakan State is one of the main pockets of acute poverty and vulnerability in Burma. This region, adjacent to the border with Bangladesh, experiences what many refer to as a “chronic emergency” and there is an absolute consensus among the local population as well as humanitarian actors that international aid is, despite its limited impact, essential to avert a new mass outflow of refugees to Bangladesh.
By Chris Lewa On 25 November 2007, a trawler and two ferry boats carrying some 240 Rohingyas being smuggled to Malaysia sank in the Bay of Bengal. About 80 survived; the rest drowned. A week later, another boat sank, allegedly fired at by the Burmese Navy. 150...
“The Crescent in Arakan “is a view of an Israeli expert Moshe Yegar of Hebrew University, Jerusalem.
Dr. Mohamed Ali
Bengal and Arakan were two neighbouring countries; they are neighbour even now but under changed political setup. The Naf river is the border line between the two countries. The Arakanese chronicles claim that the kingdom was founded in the year 2666 B.C.1 For many centuries Arakan had been an independent Kingdom due to its geographical location with occasional short breaks .It was ruled by various legendary dynasties and they established capital in different places alternately transferring from one place to another; they are Dinnawadi ,Vesali, Pyinsa, Parin, Krit, Launggayet and Mrohaung ( Mrauk- U) . All these capitals were situated in the Akyab district on or near the river Lemru. The last line of rulers, i.e, kings of the Mrohaung dynasty and their relations with contemporary Muslim rulers of Bengal is the subject matter of our study.
Dr. Swapna Bhattacharya (Chakraborti),
Introduction and Problematic: Reflections from Indian Perspectives
The history of Arakan or the Rakhine State ofMyanmar is matchless due to various, partly, very complex, factors. The foremost among the factors which makes the history of Arakan so complex, at the same time, unique, is the region's close contact with the Indian civilization. Unless the pulse of the interaction between the Buddhist world of Arakan and the Hindu-Buddhist civilization of India (especially Eastern India) with Islam of India in between is not felt, Arakan remains unintelligible.
Myanmar President denies Human Rights Watch report accusing the country of fueling ‘a campaign of ethnic cleansing’ against Rohingya Muslims
Myanmar President Thein Sein denied on Friday accusations of ethnic cleansing against Rohingya Muslims, saying the claims were part of a “smear campaign” against his government.
On a visit to Paris, Sein told France 24 television that his government was not guilty of the charges.
“Outside elements are just exaggerating, fabricating news, there is no ethnic cleansing whatsoever,” he said.
“This is a smear campaign against the government. What happened in Rakhine was not ethnic cleansing.”In April, Human Rights Watch accused Myanmar of “a campaign of ethnic cleansing” against the Rohingya.
Sittwe: The military government announced yesterday the results of the matriculation exam for the 2007 – 08 school year, but 80 percent of students in Arakan State failed the exam, said an education worker in Sittwe.
He said, "No more than 20 percent of students in Arakan State passed the exam, and 80 percent failed this last matriculation exam."
To the Young, Poor, Intelligent and Dedicated Youths of Burma where ever you may be:-
If you are age between 20 and 30 and do not belong to the 3 Gs please read the following:-
[Guns; you must not be a relative of Lt. Colonel and above of the Burmese army. Gold; must obsess in Gold such as going to a third country for good or a crony of a Junta. Goons; must not belong to pro-military goons organizations (Kyant-Phut/SwanArrShin) that rough ride shot over the common people.]
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